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Research: Plagiarism/Paraphrase

Other Examples

Direct Quotes

Quoting

When quoting a source you are copying from the source you are using word for word. Quotation marks should begin and end these words to show this is exactly what you are doing.

There are two types of quotes that can be used in a paper.

1.      A short one line quote used to get your reader interested  in your paper or something you wish to emphasis that is powerfully stated

2.      A long quote (more than one line) that is separated by spaces and indentions within the body of the paper. Use this type of quote when paraphrasing would water down the importance of the information.

Type 1

You might be surprised to know that “In short, it's what you eat, not how hard you try to work it off, that matters more in losing weight.” (Cloud 47)

John, Cloud. "Why Exercise Won't Make You Thin." Time. 08 17 2009: p. 42-47. Print

Type 2

“The basic problem is that while it's true that exercise burns calories and that you must burn calories to lose weight, exercise has another effect: it can stimulate hunger. That causes us to eat more, which in turn can negate the weight-loss benefits we just accrued. Exercise, in other words, isn't necessarily helping us lose weight. It may even be making it harder.” (Cloud.42)

John, Cloud. "Why Exercise Won't Make You Thin." Time. 08 17 2009: p. 42-47. Print.

The source of both types of these quotations must be cited both as an in-text citation and on your work cited page.

Common Knowledge

This kind of information does not need to be quoted or cited.

Common knowledge is any information that most people should know for example: George Washington was our first president. When you are in doubt ask a teacher or Ms. Young.

Summarizing

Summarizing

Taking a long section of a source and condensing it down to a shorten text written in your own words and to be used in your paper.

This must be cited both as an in-text citation and on your work cited page.

Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing

It is taking the important information from a short portion of your source and putting it into your own words.

This must be cited both as an in-text citation and on your work cited page.

Avoiding Plagiarism

Tips to avoid plagiarism:

  • Using synonyms is a good strategy but be careful not to rely on synonyms too much.
  • Close the source or turn away from it and think about what the author is trying to say.
  • Don’t use the same word order in your sentences.
  • Does your paper sound like something you wrote? If it doesn’t sound like you then it won’t sound like you to your teacher

 

Original Source

Because rodents have a lot of brown fat, it's very difficult to make them obese, even when you force-feed them in labs. But humans--we're pathetic. We have so little brown fat that researchers didn't even report its existence in adults until earlier this year. That's one reason humans can gain weight with just an extra half-muffin a day: we almost instantly store most of the calories we don't need in our regular ("white") fat cells.

John, Cloud. "Why Exercise Won't Make You Thin." Time. 08 17 2009: p. 42-47. Print.

 

Plagiarism

It’s hard to make a rat fat because they have lots of brown fat even if you make them eat. Humans are sad. Researchers didn’t even tell us about its existence until 2009. Humans can put on the pounds with a just one snack because most of our calories go straight to our fat cells.

 

Paraphrasing

No matter how much food you give a rat you cannot make them obese. Why? Because they have what is called brown fat. Men and women have very little brown fat, not even enough for anyone to write about until five years ago. Putting on the pounds is easy for us because what we don’t burn goes straight to our fat cells. (Cloud 44)

John, Cloud. "Why Exercise Won't Make You Thin." Time. 08 17 2009: p. 42-47. Print.

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